Fill in these blanks using the English verbs to form a past perfect tense:

(To eat)

Louise wasn’t hungry because she had eaten a big lunch earlier.

(To meet)

I did not know who she was because I had not met her before.

(To rob)

The police cars drove at speed with their lights on and their sirens blaring because someone had robbed the local bank.

(To break)

Robert missed several appointments because he had broken his leg in a skiing accident.

(To see)

Laura did not want to go to the cinema, because she had seen the film before.

(To know)

We were good friends: we had known them for many years.

(To live)

John knew the area very well as he had lived there from childhood.

(To drive)

The truck driver knew every city along the motorway because he had driven the route for 25 years.



What are the Past Perfect Tenses of these English verbs?

To fly  Flown    To wave  Waved   To sing  Sung   To smile  Smiled   To choose  Chosen  To arrive Arrived  To drop Dropped  To speak Spoken  To grow  Grown  To climb  Climbed


Use the English verb lists to practise the Past Perfect Tense.



What are the correct auxiliary (helping) verbs in these examples?

 Use as listas de verbo para praticar o Tempo Perfeito Passado.

I have always looked over the hedge.

You have broken the handle off.

Cheryl has cut my hair for over 30 years.

Some of us have lost money on the stock market.

None of you have learnt the information.

They have not taken (to take) the money


What are the correct tenses for the English verbs listed in these examples?

I have played a lot of football. (Perfect Present)

I played a lot of football last year. (Simple Past)

You have shot all the clay pigeons. (Perfect Present)

You shot all the clay pigeons in fifteen minutes. (Simple Past)

The dog had run faster than ever. (Perfect Present)

The dog ran at 45kph. (Simple Past)

Neither of us had bought the wine, we had to apologise to our guests. (Perfect Present)

Neither of us bought this wine, it was a gift. (Simple Past)

Some of you have been seen in this area before. (Perfect Present)

Some of you were seen in this area last night. (Simple Past)

The policemen had arrested the robber before. (Perfect Present)

The policemen arrested the robber last month. (Simple Past)



What are the past participles of these irregular English verbs?


Arise Arisen Bet Bet Blow Blown Burn Burned/Burnt Catch Caught Come Came Do Done Dream Dreamed/Dreamt Eat Eaten Feed Fed Fling Flung Go Gone Grow Grown Hide Hidden Hold Held Kneel Knelt Know Known Lead Led Leave Left Make Made Mistake Mistaken Pay Paid Ride Ridden Ring Rung Send Sent Sing Sung Spin Spun String Strung Teach Taught Throw Thrown Undo Undone Wake Woken Write Written

Create sentences using some of the English verbs in the list above.

Fill in these blanks using the English verbs to form the Present Perfect Tense in these questions and answers

Have the customers arrived (to arrive) yet?

No, they haven’t.

Has the Doctor seen (to see) Mrs Feldman today?

Yes, he has.

I’ve forgotten (to forget), have I read (to read) this book before?

Yes, you have.

Have either of you got (to get) the keys?

Yes, we both have (to have) ours.

Have we made (to make) enough money this week?

No, we haven’t.

Have you put (to put) the cat out?

Yes, I have.



Fill in the blanks using the Present Perfect tense:

How many books has the author written (to write)?

Where is the furthest you have travelled (to travel)?

Have you all been (to be waiting) here long?

What have they done (to do) now?

When has he had (to have) the time to complete his studies?

Which way have they come (to come) this evening?

How many times have I told (to tell) you not to do that?


What are the past participles of these irregular English verbs?


Bear Borne Become Became Break Broken Buy Bought Choose Chosen Cling Clung Deal Dealt Draw Drawn Fall Fallen Feel Felt Fight Fought Get Got Grind Ground Hear Heard Hurt Hurt Keep Kept Lay Laid Lean Leaned/Leant Light Lit Meet Met Mow Mown Put Put Read Read Rise Risen Shake Shaken Sink Sunk Speak Spoken Seal Sealed Tear Torn Tread Trodden Understand Understood Wear Worn Wind Wound

Create sentences using some of the English verbs in the list above.

Fill in the blanks with the Future Perfect tense of the English verbs:

By the time I reach Newcastle I will have driven (to drive) for seven hours.

You will have been (to be) working all night.

Judy will have slept (to sleep) all through the day.

We will have lost (to lose) all our money on this deal.

Some of you will have paid (to pay) for unnecessary insurance.

None of these animals will have hunted (to hunt) in the wild.


While you were away, I went to visit my cousin and her husband.

They have lived in Lincoln for many years, but I had never visited them there before.

They took me to see places they had visited many times before.

We had planned to visit the castle...


...but it had been closed for safety, because building work had begun.


So we had to visit the Cathedral instead...

...although some building work had started there as well.

Lincoln Cathedral had once been the tallest building in the world...

...but the main spire was demolished after it had been damaged in an earthquake and the other two had to be demolished because of the danger they had posed.


In recent years restoration work had begun. When completed, it will have cost millions of pounds to clean the stonework, but it will be money well spent.

There was no architect for the Cathedral. Instead the masons had drawn each stage as they had finished the previous one. They had trusted God’s will to guide them.

To support the weight of the roof, the masons had to build flying buttresses to reinforce the walls...

This has accidentally produced a big open interior...

...and soaring arches.

At the time of its construction no one had seen such an enormous building.

The vaulted ceilings can be seen from below, or you can take a tour to see from above how they have been built.


This reveals how the builders have constructed the vaulting